Artificial intelligence reveals the location of Plato's grave

Mohamed Shalaby - | Technology

From the video production industry to the medical field, artificial intelligence is driving new discoveries. However, a new field that AI is currently entering is the study of ancient secrets.

The ZDNET website reports that Italian researchers at the University of Pisa have successfully employed artificial intelligence to decode a papyrus manuscript discovered in Herculaneum, a town close to Pompeii that was also destroyed in the year 79 after the eruption of Mount Vesuvius.

The manuscript is one of 1,800 that were saved from being buried in the muck and ash left by Mount Vesuvius at the Villa Papyri, which was once owned by Julius Caesar's father-in-law.

The scrolls must be interpreted using a hands-free scanning method since they are too delicate to handle due to their charring.

The researchers employed optical coherence tomography (OCT) and infrared hyperspectral imaging (IRSI) to view the burned papyrus, according to the Italian news agency ANSA.

The researchers found Plato's ultimate resting place, a garden setting on the site of the Platonic Academy in Athens, by recognizing and translating 1,000 words, or around 30% of the text.

Additionally, the text shows that Plato was not sold into slavery in 387 BC as historians had previously believed, but rather around 404 or 399 BC.

The finding validates the technology's ability to advance our understanding of this era's historical details and most notable individuals.

Following AI advances in February of last year, the Vesuvius Challenge—a global competition to decode the entire collection of the Herculaneum Scrolls—was started in March 2023. fresh insights into history.

Without taking the chance of actually damaging the scrolls, the project's fundamental technology decodes the writing on them using a combination of CT scanning and machine learning.

One of the challenge's organizers, Brent Sales, a researcher at the University of Kentucky, divided the procedure into three stages: segmentation, ink detection, and scanning. After segmenting the scrolls into individual pages and taking accurate cross-sectional scans of their interiors, the researchers use machine learning to decipher the writing on each page.

It is challenging to discern the scrolls by computer because they are basically black on black due to the volcanic eruption's charring of the ink and scrolls.

Sales collaborated with researcher Stephen Parsons to create a machine learning algorithm to read carbon writing. The group then produced Volume Cartographer, an open-source text-interpreting software, according to ZNet.

About Author

Mohamed Shalaby
Mohamed Shalaby
69 Total posts

Read Also

UAE: Hamdan Bin Mohammed declares approval of 22 AI CEOs

Under the leadership of His Highness Sheikh Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum, Dubai is forging ahead in developing a model for future government work that is enhanced by artificial intelligence (AI) solutions.

The UAE announces controls and mechanisms for regulating marketing via telephone

The Ministry of Economy, in collaboration with the Telecommunications and Digital Government Regulatory Authority, has introduced a new decision aimed at regulating telemarketing via phone calls.

A new Instagram feature gives priority to close friends

To provide more accurate methods for managing interactions with specific accounts without entirely blocking them, Instagram is expanding its features to allow teenagers to restrict interactions with people they have tagged as close friends. This is...

Ads that cannot be skipped “Instagram” angers its users

Because the Instagram program is currently testing advertising materials that users will not be able to avoid, Meta is trying to increase the number of advertisements that are displayed to users.

Dubai reveals plan for public transport to be carbon-neutral by 2050

The Honorable The 82nd meeting of the Dubai Supreme Council of Energy was chaired virtually by Sheikh Ahmed bin Saeed Al Maktoum.

UAE: EtihadWE unveils the new tariff structure for industrial growth

The challenge for the Northern Emirates region is to strike a balance between sustainable energy usage and industrial growth.

DEWA and Parkin launch the EV Charging Initiative in Dubai Paid Parking Zones

By adding charging stations to its pay parking spaces, Dubai hopes to improve the infrastructure for electric vehicles (EVs).

Dubai RTA announces new areas to include electric bus routes

The electric bus network operated by the Roads and Transport Authority (RTA) in Dubai is set to expand service coverage to encompass a range of routes, including notable destinations like "Dubai Mall," "Business Bay," and "Al...

Dissatisfaction and rejection of the controversial “Dubai Open” report

The UAE has lately received plaudits from an international organization that fights money laundering for taking its responsibility to safeguard the integrity of the global financial system "extremely seriously."

Dubai government launches an AI training program for HR employees

In its ongoing commitment to bolster the skills of its workforce, the Dubai Government Human Resources Department recently orchestrated a comprehensive training initiative on the fundamentals of generative artificial intelligence.

UAE: Mercedes-Benz recalls 2,500+ SUVs for this issue

Luxury car enthusiasts in the UAE might need to schedule a pit stop for their Mercedes-Benz SUVs, as local importers have announced a recall affecting more than 2,500 vehicles.

America and the UAE are holding high-level military talks to discuss integrated air and missile defense

This week's annual US-UAE Joint Military Dialogue (JMD) at the Pentagon brought together senior US and Emirati officials. The talks specifically covered collaboration on new capabilities and integrated air and missile defense.